ECR2P Co-directors present during BISA Rountable on the R2P in a changing world order (Video avaliable)


On Thursday 17 September 2020, our co-directors, Dr Adrian Gallagher and Dr Cristina Stefan presented during a BISA routable on the R2P in a changing world order.

A recording of the presentations is available here

Roundtable overview

This roundtable brought together experts in the field to analyse the Responsibility to Protect in the context of a changing world order. The RtoP was born in a so-called ‘liberal era’. At the time, the Commission’s recommendations went to the very heart of international relations as they spoke to ‘state sovereignty’, ‘intervention’, ‘human rights’, ‘human security’ and the ‘question of authority’. Yet the perceived crisis in liberalism over the last decade has led academics to question whether we are experiencing ‘the end of the liberal International order?’ (Ikenberry 2018).

Against this backdrop, there is a pressing need to re-consider the RtoP in an era of shifting power balances. To do this, Adrian Gallagher, Justin Morris, and Nick Wheeler analysed the relationship between ‘responsibility’ and ‘trust’ in relation to the use of force. Despite the vast proliferation of RtoP literature over the past twenty years, this is the first article to focus on ‘trust’ and acts as a catalyst call for future research.

Cristina Stefan asked the pertinent question, ‘where is norm entrepreneurship twenty years on?’. In so doing, she shined a spotlight on Western and Non-Western norm shapers in an era of transitional change whilst also linking the RtoP to other global agendas such as Women, Peace and Security.

Luke Glanville and James Pattison looked the ethics of ‘prioritisation’ as they questioned, where should states prioritise their attention and resources? When one considers the increase in mass atrocities since 2010, there is an urgent need to grapple with the ethical complexities involved.

Finally, former Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General on RtoP, Jennifer Welsh examined the way the UN Security Council has both acted, and failed to act, in fulfilling the RtoP in the 20 years since inception. She revisited the original report to identify two key issues for the contemporary ear of geopolitical rivalry.

The proposed contributions are to be published as a roundtable in Ethics and International Affairs in 2021 with an introduction by Michael Ignatieff.